NORFOLK ISLAND PINE TREE / STAR PINE - Araucaria heterophylla
Sun PreferencePartial Shade
USA ZoneZone 10
The Norfolk Island pine makes an excellent indoor Christmas tree. The needled branches are much like those of a fir tree. The branches grow in regular, precise tiers, giving a symmetrical look to this beautiful tere. The name ‘Star Pine’ refers to its symmetrical shape.
The leaves of the young and mature trees are different – hence the name ‘heterophylla’.
The Norfolk Island Pine’s salt tolerance makes it an excellent coastal landscape tree.
In dry air, low light or excessive winter heat it will droop its lower branches. Frost damage may cause multiple stems with weakly attached trunks.
This is a very tough tree that tolerates a wide range of soils. Tall specimens are often damaged in hurricanes and high winds. Trees will recover – cut them back to the ground to force new undamaged suckers to form.
Many of these trees sold by grocery stores and nurseries as indoor Christmas trees, are sprayed with a light coating of green paint to increase their appeal. Many trees sold on the market are actually Araucaria columnaris, which looks almost identical to Araucaria heterophylla when young, but older plants tend to have branches closer together and a darker foliage.
These trees are growing in 6" pots